- DNA analyses identify origins and trace the movement of domesticated
livestock across time and space.
- Residues analysis can identify specific uses of animal products
such as milk for cheese as well as to recognize storage vessels
used for meats and fats.
- Isotopic analysis of teeth can reveal grazing patterns and
sources of winter fodder for livestock.
- XRAY fluorescence on teeth can be used to distinguish locally
raised animals from imported animals within a herd.
Types of Studies
- Dietary reconstruction
- Economics and trade
- Animal exploitation
- Environmental adaptations
- Human and animal interactions
- Animal husbandry practices
- Butchering practices
- Urban supply networks
Contributions to Archaeology
- Cross-cultural variations in animal exploitation practices.
- The rise of specialized farming practices in response to urban
- The presence of distinct ethnic and social status dietary
profiles and consumption practices.
- The existence of seasonal hunting and exploitation activities.
- The role of feasting in alliance formation in historic and