The information presented here consists of conference papers with images. These are yet unpublished, except where noted. Pdfs of the papers are available for download.
The idea of Animal Rights first appeared in the moral conscience of Americans in the late 18th century and was codified legally with the passing of laws in the mid-19th century. In Philadelphia, the greatest advocate for animals was Dr. Benjamin Rush who felt that cruelty undermined the moral and ethical values of civilized people. Skeletal data from remains recovered during excavations at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia indicate injuries and insults due to cock fighting, exposure to severe cold, illnesses such as rickets and cancers, and other unknown insults resulting from a lack of care and compassion by their keepers.
Cruelty to animals is an ongoing issue throughout the world today. The idea of Animal Rights first appeared in the moral conscience of Americans in the late 18th century and was codified legally with the passing of laws protecting certain species in the mid-19th century.Download Paper
In 2005 the city of New York decided to replace the subway station at South Ferry Terminal and to consolidate all of the subway lines into a central area at the Staten Island Ferry. In order to carry out the plan the city was required first to conduct a cultural impact or archaeological study. The archaeological work was done by AKRF and URS Corp. The deposits encountered presented a great challenge for interpretation because they generally lacked clear associated contexts. This paper considers the nature of trash in general and the kinds of individual and collective actions that result in specific types of refuse deposits.
The city of New York decided to replace the subway station at South Ferry Terminal and to consolidate all of the subway lines. The city was required first to conduct a cultural impact or archaeological study, which was done by AKRF and URS Corp.Download Paper
The city of Philadelphia was like all other cities in colonial and post-colonial America, filthy. Fortunately for archaeologists there were few organized solid waste removal services. Consequently, archaeological excavations at sites like the National Constitution Center yield vast quantities of trash. The organic refuse deposits found at the NCC site were diverse and included large quantities of fish, hardly surprising since Philadelphia is a major port city. The fish component of the assemblage prompted a side study of cultural attitudes towards fish, both private and commercial, and a comparison with other fish deposits from other Philadelphia sites and lower Manhattan sites.
This paper explores the cultural meaning of fish. It examines fish remains recovered from excavations at the National Constitution Center site in Philadelphia and compares the data with other 18th and 19th century urban deposits from Philadelphia and New York City.Download Paper
Milisauskas, S., Kruk, J., Pipes, M.-L., Haduch, E. 2016.
Neolithic Human Burial Practices: The Interpretation Of Funerary Behaviors
At Bronocice, Poland. Wroclaw Instytut Archeologii I Etnologii Polskiej
Akademii Nauk (The Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy
Pipes, M.-L., Kruk, J., Milisauskas, S. 2015. Threads of Neolithic Household Cloth Production at Bronocice. Paradigm Found. Kristiansen, K., Smejda, L and Turek, J (eds.). Oxford, Oxbow Books. 215-233.
A bibliography of published papers in the field of Zooarchaeology by Marie-Lorraine Pipes, PhD, RPA, Zooarchaeologist, Consultant.Download Bibliography